There can be number of different chronic venous diseases due to abnormal or deceased conditions of the veins. These problems may include the following:
- Chronic venous insufficiency
- Leg skin changes
- Leg swelling and pain
- Leg ulcers
- Varicose veins and spider veins
- Vascular malfunctions
In case, after your vein mapping diasnosis in IL it is found that your veins are elongated, dilated, thickened and twisted blood vessels so that blood control is not taking place properly as it should be, then it is treated as venous disease. In certain cases, these veins may appear like thread or can be spider veins. In certain other cases, the veins may look like grape like clusters concealed under the skin.
What are the symptoms:
Following symptoms can be observed in such cases:
- Aching pain
- Darkening of the skin
- Easily tired legs
- Itching or rashes on the legs
- Leg heaviness
- Numbness in the legs
- Swelling in the legs
Mostly, such varicose veins are quite common among women as compared to men. During the time of pregnancy or last 14 days in their menstrual cycle this can be found. Among men, if his job requires him to remain in standing position for a long time then such problem can be seen.
What are the various treatments?
There are many different kinds of treatments prescribed which can either be done alone or in combination in order to treat varicose veins. They are as follows:
- Ambulatory phlebectomy
Here the doctor removes the larger varicose veins from the legs by number of skin punctures. Here local anaesthesia is used.
- Coil embolization
Here firstly a catheter is placed within large veins in calf or leg and then a small coil is also inserted in the catheter and alcohol is injected which closes the scar and the blood is rerouted through nearby veins. Here local anaesthesia is also used.
- Endoscopic perforator vein surgery
For advanced cases of varicose veins where ulcer is developed this procedure is used.
- Endovenous thermal ablation
Here a thin tube is inserted into the veins and thereafter heat is applied so that the vein may collapse. Blood then flows through healthy veins nearby. This treatment is meant for treating larger varicose veins.
- Laser surgery
Here laser beam is used, the heat of which can help in destroying spider vein without harming the skin. As compared to sclerotherapy that is mentioned below it is less effective in treating varicose veins of the legs. There are few side effects too like discoloration, blistering or bruising.
This treatment is quite similar to sclerotherapy that has been mentioned below. However, in this case while injecting certain different solution is injected and this treatment is especially meant for treating spider veins.
In this procedure, doctor injects the veins with certain solution that can close the veins and the blood is made to flow through veins that are healthier. Though it is very common treatment however with this option you may need multiple treatments. For small or medium sized varicose veins, this treatment is quite useful.
- Surgical vein stripping
Here varicose vein is removed by surgical procedure in knee, groin and ankle. For larger varicose veins, this option is used.